Millions of people all over the world suffer from a widespread ailment known as colour blindness or colour vision deficit. In contrast to total blindness, which prevents a person from seeing anything, colour vision deficit allows a person to view images, albeit with a different perspective. People who are color-blind experience colours differently, which makes it difficult to tell some colours apart.
It is not known whether color blindness is a disability or not.
Lack of functioning cones on the retina is what causes colour vision impairment. Three populations of cones, each with a unique sensitivity, are necessary for colour vision. All three fundamental colours are matched within the spectrum for typical colour perception. One or more cones are not functioning properly in a person who is color-blind.
What Is Color Blindness?
A person with colour blindness is unable to tell some colours apart. It is a result of cones not functioning properly. Although they will have altered colour sensitivity, they will still see the correct image of the object.
Colour vision is mediated by three different types of cones. Different colour wavelengths cause different responses in each cone. The cones in healthy individuals provide the entire colour range.
What Are The Different Types Of Color Blindness
Following are different types of color blindness
Red-green color blindness:
Red-green color blindness is the most common in men as compared to females. A person with a red-green deficiency cannot differentiate between red and green colors. Red-green deficiency can be related to certain optic disc diseases.
Protanopia: In this case of color blindness the long wavelength of light cannot be perceived. A person with protanopia will label the rainbow as blues and gold.
Deuteranopia: In this condition, a person cannot perceive green color. His rainbow will also contain blues and gold.
Protanomaly: In this state red color cones are not working properly, so the objects with red color will appear either grey or with less brightness.
Deuteranomaly: This is the most common color blindness. The rainbow spectrum will contain yellow and blue colors.
Blue-yellow color blindness:
Blue-yellow color blindness is a less common condition. A person with this type of blindness is unable to differentiate between blue and yellow colors. This type of color blindness can occur in certain diseases e.g., glaucoma or macular disorders.
Tritanopia: In tritanopia, there are no blue and yellow responsive cones. The color spectrum will be deficient in blue and yellow colors. The rainbow will appear red, light blue, or lavender.
Tritanomaly: In this type, the blue color will not work effectively and the color spectrum will appear green-blue or a little yellow color.
Total color blindness:
Total color blindness/ monochromacy: This is the least common type of blindness Person with total color blindness is unable to see any colors at all and only sees shades of grey color.
Blue cone monochromacy: In this condition, the color vision is frequently reduced but the normal vision is comparatively good.
Rod monochromacy: It is also called achromatopsia. In this condition, the cone photoreceptors do not work at all and normal vision is also markedly reduced.
Is Color Blindness Genetic
A hereditary abnormality in the genes responsible for producing the photopigments necessary for colour vision results in colour blindness. Due to the location of the colour vision gene on the X chromosome, it is more prevalent in men than in women. Men are more likely to inherit the illness since they only have one X chromosome. There are two XX chromosomes in females, and one faulty gene prevents the expression of the other. If the other X chromosome is unaffected, a woman with a faulty gene on one of her X chromosomes can still have normal colour vision.
Treatment of Color Blindness
Unfortunately, there is no cure for color blindness. However, there are some treatments that can help people with color blindness to better distinguish between colors.
Color filters or lenses: One treatment option is the use of color filters or lenses. These filters can help to enhance the contrast between different colors, making it easier for people with color blindness to distinguish between them. Some people may also benefit from the use of special glasses that contain color-correcting lenses.
Computer software: Another treatment option is the use of computer software that can adjust the colors on a screen to make them more distinguishable for people with color blindness. This can be particularly useful for people who work in fields that require accurate color vision, such as graphic design or photography.
How To Cure Color Blindness Naturally
There is no natural cure for color blindness to correct the underlying genetic defect.
However, there are some natural remedies and lifestyle modifications that may help people with color blindness to distinguish between colors in a better way.
Eat a healthy diet: Eating a diet that is rich in nutrients that support eye health, such as vitamin A, lutein, and zeaxanthin, may help to improve color vision. Foods that are rich in these nutrients include carrots, spinach, kale, and other leafy greens.
Enough sleep: Getting enough sleep is important for overall eye health. Lack of sleep can cause eye fatigue and make it harder to distinguish between colors.
Practice eye exercises: Some people believe that certain eye exercises, such as focusing on a distant object or blinking rapidly, can improve color vision. However, there is no scientific evidence to support these claims.
Avoid exposure to harmful chemicals: Exposure to certain chemicals, such as carbon disulfide and styrene, can damage the optic nerve and lead to color vision problems. Avoiding exposure to these chemicals can help to prevent color blindness.
Use good lighting: Adequate lighting can help to improve color vision. Make sure that you have enough light when performing tasks that require accurate color vision, such as reading or working on a computer.